Getting injured while playing sports is very common. There are seven types of injuries that are most common. They are listed as follows.
- Ankle Sprain
- Groin pull
- Hamstring strain
- Shin splints
- Knee injury: ACL tear
- Tennis elbow (Epicondylitis)
- Knee injury: Patellofemoral syndrome
These sports injuries are moderate or mild. Although there is some damage, it is nothing severe. Some injuries can be treated at home with home remedies while some would require medical attention to avoid further severities. If the strain or sprain is intense, then there may be a chance of surgery coming into the picture if an entire tendon, ligament, or muscle is torn away. Below is the list of sports injury treatments for different types of injuries.
Athletes and sportsperson often experience a sprained ankle that typically occurs when the foot turns inward. This tears or turning stretches the ligaments that are present on the outside of the ankle that are relatively weak.
With an ankle sprain, it is important for the person to exercise to prevent loss of flexibility and strength. Further, there is a chance of re-injury that can be prevented by exercising. The sports injury treatment for this is to consult your doctor or physical therapist to help you do the exercise.
Groin pull happens when a person pushes off in a side-to-side motion causing strain in the inner thigh muscles, or groin. Some of the most common sports that may cause groin pull are football, hockey, soccer, and baseball.
It can be treated through compression, rest, and placing an ice bag on the injured area will heal most groin injuries. Returning to full activity immediately after the injury can aggravate the groin pull or might even turn it into a long-term problem.
This is a strain that is caused in the three muscles in the back of the thigh from the hamstring. Hamstring can be over-stretched by movements such as kicking out the leg sharply while running, hurdling. Also, falling forward while water skiing is another typical cause of hamstring strains.
Hamstring injuries heal slowly because of the constant stress that is applied to the injured tissue while walking. Complete healing of hamstring strains can take six to 12 months. Additionally, re-injuries are common as it is hard for many people to stay inactive for that long.
Shin Splints are the pains that occur down in the front part of the lower legs. The pains are generally caused due to running. Further, their risk increases in people who do long run on paved roads. These injuries can be treated with the person taking proper rest, placing ice bags on the painful area, and taking appropriate over-the-counter medicine.
Knee Injury: ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Tear
Sudden cuts or getting hit or stops from the side can strain the ACL or cause it to tear. ACL holds the leg bone to the knee. If the ACL completely tears off, then it makes a pop sound that may indicate severity.
It is best to consult a doctor immediately, and a torn ACL may require surgery.
Knee Injury: Patellofemoral Syndrome
This syndrome causes damage to the tissues under the knee cap. These injuries occur from running, playing basketball, and volleyball.
Patellofemoral pain can take around six weeks to reduce, and the injured person has to be patient about it. Also, they should continue doing low-impact exercises during this period.
Tennis Elbow (Epicondylitis)
Repetitive use of the elbow such as while playing tennis or golf can cause tears in the elbows. Tennis Elbow is very common in people in the age group of 30 to 60 and happens on the outside of the elbow.
It is best for the injured person to avoid playing these sports.