There are various ways knee pains are caused, and even when a person uses knee pain medicines, they may no alleviate. If neglected, it might lead to severe problems or damage. It is better to consult a doctor immediately if the pain does not go away even after using medicines.
Diagnosis For Knee Pain:
The doctor will first physically examine the knee to see for any visible signs or symptoms that suggest problems in the knee. During the process, they will:
- Inspect the knee for pain, swelling, warmth, tenderness, and any visible bruises
- Check the movement of the lower part of the leg in different directions to see how far the leg can stretch
- Pull or push the knee joint to check the structures in the knee
After the physical test, the doctor may prescribe some imaging tests or lab tests to check further.
Taking an X-Ray of the knee helps detect fractures in the bone and degenerative joint disease.
Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan helps in detecting bone problems and loose bodies. X-rays from different angles are taken and combined to form cross-sectional images of the inside of the body.
Ultrasound gives images of the soft tissues in and around the knee to see how they are working. The patient may be asked to switch the knee in different positions to check for problems.
Short for Magnetic Resonance Imaging helps to detect if any soft tissues in ligaments, cartilage, tendons, and muscles are injured.
The lab tests involve blood tests mainly and arthrocentesis in some cases. Arthrocentesis is a test in which a small quantity of liquid from the knee joint is taken with a needle and sent for a lab test.
What Are The Treatments For Knee Pains?
The type of knee treatment will differ depending upon the cause of the knee pain.
The doctor may prescribe medicines depending on the severity of the pain and also treat the underlying conditions — for example, gout or rheumatoid arthritis.
The knee becomes strong and stable when the muscles around it are strengthened. Training is an excellent therapeutic option. It focuses on both the front and back muscles of the thigh and strengthens them. It is important to follow a specific procedure to heal the knee and also avoid any risks. Exercising regularly improves health and helps balance the knees.
In some cases, if medications do not do the work, then the doctor might prescribe doses to be injected directly into the knee.
- Corticosteroids: This injection helps in reduction of symptoms that cause arthritis flare. Additionally, they also relieve the pain which usually lasts for a few months. However, they may be as useful in all cases.
- Hyaluronic acid: This acid is injected into the knee to ease the pain as well as improve the mobility. Hyaluronic acid is a thick liquid or fluid that is similar to the fluid which naturally lubricates joints. A single or a series of injections may last for six months.
- Platelet-rich plasma (PRP): PRP injections prove to be more effective in young people or people with mild arthritis. The injection contains a concentration of various growth factors which help reduce inflammation and fasten the healing process.
Surgery is the last option that a person considers. However, it is not necessary to go for it immediately after the injury. Talk to your doctor and discuss all the risks and benefits of the process. If you choose to get knee surgery, there are three options for operation. They are arthroscopic surgery, Partial knee replacement surgery, and total knee replacement.