What Are The Types, Causes, And Symptoms For Arthritis?

Arthritis is one of the major and severe problems that cause pain, swelling, and restricted movement of joints and also affects the connective tissues around the body. It is swelling (inflammation) and redness of a joint, where two or more bones meet.

There are various types of arthritis that can occur in a person. The two most common forms are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Consult an orthopedic surgeon Dallas TX if you start to experience severe pain.

Different Types Of Arthritis:

Osteoarthritis

It is common as well as a chronic type of arthritis. The disease occurs in the joints, especially the joints that bear weight such as the knee, spine, and hip. The coating on the cartilage (end of the bones) is damaged due to the disease.

Additionally, it can also cause bone spurs, bone overgrowth, and reduced function or mobility. Although it occurs mostly in old people, it may sometimes occur in young people as well, which may be due to an injury or overuse.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

It is an inflammatory disorder of the joint linings which may affect all the joints. Further, the disease may also have a severe impact on the lungs and heart.

Gout

Gout arises the formation of uric acid crystals in small joints like the big toe that causes severe pain and inflammation.

Lupus

Lupus is a form of a chronic autoimmune disease that causes episodes of inflammation in the joints. The condition also causes damage to tendons, joints, and organs.

Scleroderma

It is another type of autoimmune disease that thickens and hardens the skin and other connectivity tissues in the body.

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA) or Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)

This condition mainly occurs in children and causes their joints to stiffen as well as inflammation. Although they outgrow this disease, it has an effect on the child’s bone development.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

It is a condition in which the bones of the spine grow together which is not normal. It also causes inflammation in different parts of the body and affects hips, shoulders, ribs, and other small joints of hands and feet.

The Risk Factors For Arthritis:

While some factors can be controlled, some cannot be avoided.

The unavoidable factors are:

  • Age: The risk for arthritis grows with age; hence, older the age, higher the risk.
  • Gender: Arthritis is more likely to occur in women than in men.
  • Heredity: some forms of the disease occur due to a certain set of genes.

The risk factors that can be changed or avoided are:

  • Weight:  Obesity or being overweight puts stress on joints and causes them to damage. As a result, a person can develop osteoarthritis.
  • Injuries: If a joint gets damages due to an injury, it is likely to result in arthritis at a later stage.
  • Infections: infections in the joints lead to reactive arthritis.
  • Job: Working for long hours by sitting in a certain position strains the joints. Also, repeated squatting or bending may lead to the disease.

Symptoms Of Arthritis:

The symptoms vary from person to person. Some of the most usual symptoms are as follows.
  • Warmth and redness
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Pain
  • Trouble while moving

Causes Of Arthritis:

The cause of arthritis depends on the type that occurs. While osteoarthritis is caused due to wear and tear of the joint with time, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, and lupus are caused when the body’s immune system attacks its body tissues. Causes of other forms of arthritis are still not known. Go to the best orthopedic knee surgeons in Dallas for a proper diagnosis.

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